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Baikal rivers: origin of names

Kultuchnaya. For the first time the river was described by N. Spafary in 1675: "There is Kultushnaya river at Kultuk, and havens are there but the very narrow edge of Baikal sea is called Kultuk". From Turkic kultuk - armpit, corner, bay, cul-de-sac. Russians used this word for designation of bays on Baikal. The river gained such name because it flows into a bay.

Medlyanka. From Russian to linger.

Angasolka. From Buryat ongoso - boat, vessel, ship, canoe.

Khabartui. From Buryat khabar - spring.

Bol'shaya Krutaya Guba. The name is formed from the name of Baikal creek where the river flows into the lake, from Russian bol'shaya - big; krutaya - steep and guba - creek.

Malaya Krutaya Guba. The name is formed from the name of Baikal creek where the river flows into the lake, from Russian malaya - small; krutaya - steep and guba - creek.

Sharyzhalgay. From Buryat shara - yellow and zhalga - dell, hollow, depression, ravine, gully, ditch, dyke, Russianized. The orthographic spelling is Shara-Zhalga.

Sharyzhalgay 2-nd. See Sharyzhalgay.

Sharyzhalgay 3-th. See Sharyzhalgay.

Shabartui. From Buryat shabar - mud, slush, mire, clay.

Baklaniy. From Russian baklan - gannet.

Kirkirei. From Buryat kherkhirkhe - to growl, snarl, rumble (about dog), Russianized

Maritui. From Tungus mar - marnik (thicket of dwarfish birch on peatery), meadow, spruce; ta - suffix, Buryatized.

Bol'shaya Polovinnaya. The area of the watershed makes 356 sq. km, the annual flow is 0.08 cum. km (the data by hydropost at 110 km of East Siberian line of 1.1 kms fromt the mouth. The name was come into being during Circum-Baikal railway construction (the beginning of 20th century) (Gurulev S. A. is wrong in this problem because even at the Remezov draft (1699-1701) Polovinka river is shown) by the indication that the distance between Kultuk and Angara source is divided equally in half here. From Russian bol'shaya - big; polovina - half.

Bol'shaya Ponomarevka. From Russian surname Ponomarev.

Malaya Shumikha. From Russian malaya - small and shum - noise.

Bol'shaya Shumikha. From Russian bol'shaya - big and shum - noise.

Bol'shoy Baranchik. From Russian bol'shoy - big. It seems as if the name is made from Russian baran - ram but such etymology is wrongly. Just as the toponym Baran (Western Siberia) it made from Pumpokol' barantet - wolfish river by means of elimination of tet - river by loan-word the name by another peoples or from Cott boruan - wolfs. Let's explain that Pumpokol's and Cotts are linguo-kets tribes in former times populated Near Angara areas and apparently Near Baikal region. Russians in the beginninf of 17th century met some tribes in the Lower Angara. Now kets live down Enisey lower Eniseisk.

Maly Baranchik. From Russian maly - small. See Bol'shoy Baranchik.

S. A. Gurulev
The book "Baikal rivers: Origin of names." - Irkutsk: East Siberian bookish press, 1989. (pages 19, 20, 27, 81, 82, 88, 89 are used)
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